Kalju Patustaja (new_etymology) wrote,
Kalju Patustaja

HEAD, CABBAGE and their direct relatives

(not only 'Indo-Germanic'):

кабак (Tatar), kabak (Tur.), qabaq (Azeri), kovoq (Uzbek), қабақ (Kazakh) - a pumpkin;
koba, kobaka, kobakas, kobakene (Estonian) - colossus; huge, bulky; bearish, sluggish; кабан, кобань [kaban, koban] (Tver dialect) - huge chunk of ice;
cabbage (Eng.), kapsas (Est.), капуста, kapusta (Slavic) - a cabbage;
caboche, caboce (archaic French) - a head; a cabbage;
caput (Latin), cabeza (Sp.) - head;
capo (It.) - a head; boss;
Kopf (Ger.), hoofd (Dutch), huvud (Sw.), hoved (Dan.), höfuð (Icel.) - a head (Eng., with the 'lost' -v-/-p-);
kafa (Tur.), qafa (Azeri) - a head;
κεφάλι [kefal] (Gr.) - a head;
kepala (Indonesian, Malay.), ក្បាល [kbal] (Khmer) - a head;
क [ka] (Sanskrit, one of the many synonyms) - a head.

All of the following words mean 'a mushroom' - and are again directly related (note the spread of the allegedly 'unrelated' languages):

kabute (Sebua, Philippines) - a mushroom;
гоб [gob] (Komi) - a mushroom;
губа, pl. губы [guba, guby] (Rus. dial.), houby (Czech), huba (Slovak), gob, goba (Slovenian), гъба (Bulgarian) - a mushroom;
[ǧumba] غومبه (Pashto) - a swelling; a mushroom;
гөмбә, gömbä (Tatar), кӑмпа (Chuvash), kömelek (Turkmen), göbələk, köbələk (Azeri) - a mushroom;
gomba (Hung.) - a mushroom;
тхъумб [t'humb] (Adyg, Caucasus) - a mushroom;
खुंभी [khumbhī] (Hindi), ਖੁੰਭ [khubha] (Pandjabi) - a mushroom;
supa (Sudan) - a mushroom;
sopp (Norw.) - a mushroom;
svamp (Sw., Dan.) - a mushroom;
сhampignon (Fr.) - any mushroom; wrongly etymologized from campo, campagna - 'a field' - and claimed to have allegedly initially meant 'a field mushroom': https://www.etymonline.com/word/champignon .

Naturally, there are many-many more direct relatives, e.g., these 'legs' and 'pawns', 'boots' and 'hooves' and 'columns':

šapa (Sloven., Croat., Serb., Bosn.), шепа [shepa] (Maked.), ťapa (Slovak) - a pawn;
ķepa (Latv.) – a pawn;
käpp, gen. käpa, part. käppa (Est.), käpā (Livon.), käppä (Fin.), käppi, käppü (Karel), käpät (Lüdic) – a pawn;
[samba] (Papua, documented by Miklouho-Maclay) - a leg;
sampean (Sudan) - a foot;
zampa (It.), zuppa (Corsican) - a foot, a pawn of an animal;
gamba (It.), jambe (Fr.) - a leg;
këmbë (Alb.) - a leg.

saabas, gen. saapa (Est., Izhora), sōpkõz (Livon.), saappaga (Votic), saapas (Fin.), suappai (Karel.), sapug (Veps.) - a boot;
zābaks (Latv.) - a boot;
сапог [sapog] (Rus.), сопог, сабог, забог [sopog, sabog, zabog] (Rus. dial, per Max Vasmer) - a boot;
тапок, pl. тапки [tapok, tapki] (рус.) - a slipper, slippers;
заиба [zaiba] (ингуш.) - a block for making shoes;
[šep] (Hatt.) - shoes;
чёботы, чоботы [choboty] (Ukr.) - a type of boots with a short shaft;
ciabatta (It.) - a slipper, slippers;
zapato (Sp.) - a boot.

жамба [zhamba] (Ingush) - a column from the middle and above;
स्तम्भ [stambha, skambha; стамбха, скамбха] (Sanskrit) - in the Indian Vedas, the column connecting the Heavens (svarga) and the Earth (prithivi); also a monumental stone pillar in Indian architecture topped with a lotus-shaped capital;
sammas, gen. samba, also Sampo (Fin., Est.) - in Finnic mythology: space pillar, pillar that supports the sky; a magic mill, the roof of which symbolizes the star-studded celestial dome revolving around the central axis - the pillar on which the whole World rests; according to Graham Hancock, the Sampo mill represents the precession of the Earth's axis of rotation, the full cycle of which is about 25,765 years: http://kladina.narod.ru/hancock/chast5.htm ; См. https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Прецессия ) :

compare also to:
Σαμβατας, Sambatas - an ancient name of the city of Kyiv-on-the-Dnieper;
Sambation (סַמְבַּטְיוֹן) - a mythic river that boils and boils on weekdays, and rests on Saturdays;
σύμπαν [siban] (Gr.) - the Universe, space.

Learn more: https://eesti-keel.livejournal.com/205989.html
Tags: english etymology beyond indo-europeism, nostratic languages hypothesis is alive, parole italiane - etimologia estesa

  • почему царь - "ГОРОХ"

    [gur, kur; кур, кхур] (шумер.) - толстый, тяжелый, важный; गुरू [guru(h); гуру(х)] (санскр.) - большой, великий, огромный, важный, тяжелый;…


    обуза, обузъ (арх. рус.), обѫзъ (ц.-сл.) - повязка; обувь (рус.), обужа (курск. диал.), обуща (ц.-сл., болг.), о̀буħа (сербохорв., по Фасмеру),…

  • ЯГА

    "Баба Яга" - это ПраМать: https://holy-matriarchy.livejournal.com/953724.html именно! [aj ugu; ай угу] (шумер.) - биол. отец; [ama ugu; ама…

  • Post a new comment


    default userpic

    Your reply will be screened

    Your IP address will be recorded 

    When you submit the form an invisible reCAPTCHA check will be performed.
    You must follow the Privacy Policy and Google Terms of use.