Kalju Patustaja (new_etymology) wrote,
Kalju Patustaja

KANGAROO, etymology

'KANGAROO (n.) 1770, used by Capt. Cook and botanist Joseph Banks, supposedly an aborigine word from northeast Queensland, Australia, often SAID TO BE UNKNOWN NOW IN ANY NATIVE LANGUAGE'

A kangaroo is a marsupial animal, characterized by very strong hinder legs, wielding them like a crowbar, and a "stiff" tail - like a lever - which is probably why kangaroo is called so:

Name kangaroo must belong to the following semantic field:

[kanaaq] (Inuit) - lower part of leg; [kingmik] (Inuit) - heel: source - http://paabo.ca/uirala/contents.html (*)
hanka (Burushaski, the language of the ethnic isolate group of Burishians living in the mountainous regions of Hunza and Nagar in the north of Kashmir) - leg, foot;
shank (Eng.) - a shin, a rod, leg, stalk (SIC per British etymologists, shin is allegedly from a hypothetic "proto-I.E." verb *skei- 'to cut, to split');
cẳng (Viet.) - forearm, foot; chân (Viet.) - leg, foot;
ขา [K̄hā] (Thai) - leg, foot;
长 [cháng] (Chin.) - long;
chang (Araucanian language of Mapuche Indians in Argentina) - leg, foot.

chunk (Eng.) - a short thick piece, log, block; a thick end;
kang, gen. kangi (Est.), kanki (Fin.), kangi (Izhorian, Karel., Chudi), kanģ (Vepsian) - a lever, crowbar, bar, ingot;
kang- (Est.) - adj. (of) lever;
kanguta(ma) (Est.), kangeta (Fin.) - screw out, screw in (using the lever), push out, pull out; kangur, gen. kangru (Est.), kankuri (Fin.) - weaver, who performs the specified manipulations with a spindle.

kange (Est.), kanktõ (Livonian), kankõa (Votic), kankea (Fin.), kankia (Izhor.), kanged (Veps.) - ossified, hardened, solid, inflexible; strong, tight, stiff, stubborn;
kangestu(ma) (Est.), kaŋkstomo(ms) (Erzia) - to ossify, to harden, to stiffen;
киӈкэ [kingke] (Orochi language in the Far East) - hardened, strong; a stone;
Comp. kana (Etruscan) - a statue;
Comp. kanaga - a wooden idol, symbol of Dogonians (Mali, Western Africa): https://anti-fasmer.livejournal.com/179240.html ;
Comp. hane (Tungusic) - an idol;
Comp. खांग [khaang] (Hindi) - a fang;
Comp. 堅果 [kenka] (Jap.), 견과 [gyeongwa] (Korean), жаңгак [zhangak] (Kyrgyz), жаңғақ [zhanghakh](Kazakh) - a nut;
Comp. գանգը [qanqe] (Armenian) - a skull, a cranium.
(thus, any bone, ossified limb can exist with this stem - both a leg, a foot - and a skull);
Comp. cancro (Ital.), cancer (Lat., Eng.) - both an arthropod with carapace, and a tumor - which, according to mainstream etymologists, is allegedly from καρκίνος [karkinos] (Gr.), with the same meaning, without explanation of the phonetic transition, and with a further reference to a hypothetic 'PIE' *kar ('hard'): https://www.etymonline.com/word/cancer ;
Comp. cancrena (It.), gangrene (Eng.), gangraena (Lat.) - allegedly from Greek with a literal meaning of 'that which eats away' - https://www.etymonline.com/word/gangrene ;
Comp. concrete (Eng.), concretus (Lat.) - condensed, hard, frozen, clotted - per mainstream etymologists, allegedly from Latin 'con + concrescere' ('grow together'): https://www.etymonline.com/word/concrete .
Obviously these are three variations of same word, but with three completely different 'Indo-European' etymologies established, and, of course, 'unrelated' to any non-'I.E.' tongues.

Compare to Schanze (Ger.) - a military earthen rampart (as, e.g., in name Nyen, Nyenschantz - a fortress with many centuries of history, located at the cape where Ohta river flows into the Neva, destroyed by Peter I in 1703; nien being nīn (Livonian) - a fortress; nina (Est.), nanā (Livon.), nenä (Votic, Fin., Izhor., Karel.), ńeńä (Chudi), ńena (Veps.), njunni (Saami) - a nose, tip, end, cape).

Compare also with the geographical names of stretching peninsulas:
Hanko, Hankoniemi, Hangö udd, Га́нгут, Ха́нко - the Suomi most South-Western point;
Cancun - the Mexican most Eastern point at the peninsula of Yucatan - which so far the scholars only translate as the 'nest of snakes' or the 'thone of Snake': https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canc%C3%BAn .

кон [kon] (Church Slavic) - a beginning;
конец [konets] (Rus., Bulg.), кiнець [kinets] (Ukr.), конац [konac] (Serbo-Croatian), konǝc (Sloven.), kоniес (Slovak, Pol.), коньць [kon'ts'] (Church Slavic) - an end.

küünis, küüs, gen. küüne, part. küün (Est.), kīņtš (Livon.), kynsi (Fin.), tšüüsi (Votic), küns (Izhora), künzi (Karel.), küńďž́ (Ludic.), künź (Veps.), kŏš (Khanty), kwons (Mansi), koza (Enets) - a claw, nail, tooth;
kenže (Erzia), keńžä (Moksha), küč́ (Mari), giži̮ (Udmurt), gi̮ž (Komi), гыж [gyzh] (Ingush language in Caucasus), gazza (Saami) - a claw, nail, tooth; hoof;
family names Kinch, Kinchev, Кинч, Кинчев; McKinsey (son of Kinsey) - for the latter, the British etymologysts have deduced an awkward hypothetical connection with the Celtic cyne 'royal' + sige 'victory';
kinžа (Karel.), кинжа [kinzha] (Rus. Olonets and Arkhangelsk dialects), кийнжа [kiynzha] (Ingush) - a nail or wedge for fixing an ax;
кинжал [kinzhal] (Rus.), χandžar, хаnǯär, kandžar, χindžal, χandžāl, хаndžаli (Azeri, Crimean Tatarian, Tatarian, Karach., Kalmyk., Georgian, etc.) - a dagger, a hooked knife;
Compare to Islamic name Sanjar (with a meaning of 'the attacking', 'the penetrating', 'the sharp');
sangar, gen. sangari, part. sangarit (Est.), sankari (Fin.) — the hero, the warrior; [Spoiler (click to open)]N.B. The Estonian linguists confuse the traces, and write that the Est. sangar is a 'borrowing' from Finnish: http://eki.ee/dict/ety/index.cgi?Q=sangar&F=M&C06=et ; and the Finnish scholars (effectively, the Swedish scholars in Finland) state that the Finnish sankari is a 'borrowing' from ... the Swedish sanger — 'singer': https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/sankari .
The singers, the bards (lauljad), of course, were the respected persons, yet. they only sang about the heroes - for example, about Ulysses (Fin., Est. uljas, ulja, uljaspäine - 'the daring, dashing, gallant, brave, valiant, heroic, courageous, fearless, confident'; Est. uljas meremees - 'the daring sailor') and his uljas mereretk - 'the daring sea voyage':
https://new-etymology.livejournal.com/25788.html .

further derivations:
cancel (Eng.), cancellare (Ital.) - to delete, cross out, destroy;
[Spoiler (click to open)]cancello (Ital.) - gate, exit;
cancellus (late Latin) - latice, barrier in church and court (derivating from cancellare and cancello, and not vice versa); further derivation: cancellarius (late Latin) - secretary in church, court, sitting after the barrier; and in France, Britain and Germany - chancelier, cancelor, chancellor, Kanzler - are the secretaries of state, the keepers of royal seal.

kengyel (Hung.) - stirrup of a horse rider;
kengü (Karel.) - shoe, shoes, horseshoe;
king, gen. kinga (Est.), kǟnga (Livon.), kenkä (Fin.), kengä (Izhora, Chudi), kenǵ (Vepsian) - boot, shoe, shoes;
känga, pl. kängor (Sw.) - boot, boots;
конёк, pl. коньки [koniok, pl. kon'ki] (Rus.) - shoes for skating on the ice.

[huna] הונע (Hebrew) – to be movable; Compare to: Huns ('the nomads', apparently literally);
κινώ, κινούμαι [kinó, kinoúmai] (Gr.) - to move, move oneself (connected: кино, cinema);
kone (Fin.) - any machine, any moving mechanism;
kõnna, kõndi(ma), konda(ma) (Est.), kontata (Fin., Karel.), kontia (Izhor.) - to walk, to go, to wander; kõnni! (Est.) - go! walk! kõnd, kõnni (Est.) - going, walking; kõnnumaa (Est.) - far away unknown lands;
конь [kon'] (Rus.) - a horse;
гон, гонять, гнать, гнаться, канать [gon, goniat', gnat', gnatsia, kanat'] (Rus.) - a go, to go, to walk;
[(n)ga-, (n)gen-] (Sumer.) - to go, to move;
go, gone (Eng.);
begin, began, begone (Eng.), beginnen, begonnen (Ger.).

kand, gen. kanna, part. kanda (Est.), kūonda (Livon.), kanta (Fin., Votic), kanda (Karel., Izhora), kand (Chudi, Veps.), χɔnt (Khanty), χānta (Mansi) – a bone, a limb, a back of the calcaneus, aleg, a foot, a heel;
χada (Nenets.), kәtu (Nganasan.) - nail, claw, tooth;
k͔atә (секульп.), kåda (камас.), kada (матор.) - nail, claw, tooth; hoof;
кентус [kentus] (Rus.) - knuckles of the middle and index fingers (the word is used exclusively among those who knock something with fingers);
hand (Eng.), Hand (Ger.) - per British scholars, a word 'of uncertain origin': http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=hand .

kindel, kindla, kandev (Est.), tšiintiä (Votic), kiinteä (Fin.), kiintiä (Izhor.), kiińďei (Karel.), kińďed (Chudi), giddat, giddes (Saami) - firm, strong, resistant, steady; dense; reliable, safe, faithful;
kinni(s) (Est.) - motionless, fixed; kinnis jää - string ice; kinnis tõrv - fixed tar;
[kin, gin] (Sumerian) - a stone; [gin + diri] (Sumerian) - 'stoned tears'; Comp. gintaras (Lith.), jentar (Slavic) - amber;
[qandi] (Arab.), qand (Pers.), қант [khant] (Kazakh) - sugar; from which there are such derivatives as 甘[Gān] (Chin.) - sweet; candy (Eng.) - a sweetie; connected to at least the verb [kattu] (Tamil) - "to harden, condense": http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=candy ;
кынты(ны) [kynty(ny)] (Udmurt) - to freeze; кынмы(ны) [kynmy(ny)] (Udmurt) - to get frozen; кынмен [kynmen] (Udmurt) - frozen; кынмон [kynmon] (Udmurt) - freezing (e.g., шуркынмон [shur kynmon] - november, literally, 'rivers freezing');
кыӈдь [kyngd'] (Nivkh language in Sakhalin) - to freeze;
къандал [khandal] (Ingush language in Caucasus) - icicle;
candela (Latin) - candle - which resembles the icicle per I.E. etymologists, derives from Latin verb candere - to shine, and in no case vice versa: https://www.etymonline.com/word/candle .


Ending -aroo in kangaroo is very similar to -eri, -ur, -ru (Est.), -uri (Fin.) - a participle suffix which forms "a subject of action in present" - similarly to -ar (Eng.), -арь [ar'] (Rus.), -are (Sw.). Comparable alsto to Turkic er - man.

Alternatively: kand-karu, kang-karu - where karu, karus (Est.), kahr, karh (Southern Est.), karhu (Fin., Izhor.), kar(a)hu (Karel.) - a bear, a furbearer, a fur animal.

(*) http://paabo.ca/uirala/contents.html


So who would further wonder about the connection of KIVI (pan-Finno-Ugric) - a stone (as well as man's ball) - and KIWI - the hairy stone and ball- like fruit (and also a similarly looking non-flying bird) in New Zealand?

Tags: animals, english etymology beyond indo-europeism, geography, history, names, nostratic languages hypothesis is alive, parole italiane - etimologia estesa

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